Obesity: bariatric surgery, dam against cardiovascular disease?

An American study suggests that adolescents with obesity are less likely to have cardiovascular disease after bariatric surgery.

What is bariatric surgery? Also called "obesity surgery", it consists of modifying the anatomy of the digestive system of people suffering from morbid or severe obesity by reducing their calorie intake. How? By ensuring that these calories are not assimilated by the body. According to figures from the program of medicalization of information systems (PMSI), reported in 2016 by the APM, 267,466 bariatric surgeries were performed in France between 2005 and 2016. But in addition to being a therapeutic alternative beneficial for patients, it also appears to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease when done early.

Young girls would show better results

Adolescents with obesity are less likely to have heart disease in their lifetime after having bariatric surgery. This is the result of clinical study "Teen Longitudinal Assessment of Bariatric Surgery" (Teen-LABS), published this Tuesday by Pediatrics. Before bariatric surgery, 33% of study participants had at least three risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Three years after surgery, only 5% of subjects still had three or more risk factors.

"This is the first large-scale analysis of predictors of change in risk factors for cardiovascular disease in adolescents after bariatric surgery," says Marc P. Michalsky, professor of surgery and pediatrics at Ohio State University College. of Medicine and lead author of the study. It shows the reduction of cardiometabolic risk factors, offering convincing support for bariatric surgery in adolescents. "This reduction in cardiovascular risk factors three years after the intervention depends on weight loss, but also on age at time of surgery, preoperative body mass index and sex of the patient, specifically, the results would be better for the female, when the youngest age and weight loss is in progress.

Video: MP Sha Hospital explores technologies Bariatic Surgery that will help obese persons (December 2019).