In some cases, caring for young people can be done by changing the diet.
Bowel disorders also affect the younger ones: pre-adolescents may have functional colopathy, also known as irritable bowel syndrome. Researchers at Texas Children's Hospital in Houston have developed a technique to improve the diagnosis of the disease in the youngest age group. It also makes it possible to provide more suitable treatments. Their results were published in the journal The Journal of Molecular Diagnostics.
Functional colopathy is a very painful bowel disorder. It is not possible to treat it, but treatments can reduce the symptoms: diarrhea, nausea, abdominal pain, etc.
To classify the markers of the disease
In this research, scientists have developed a method of classifying the microbiota and the bacteria that make it up. The study enrolled 23 children, aged 7 to 12, with irritable bowel syndrome and 22 children in good health.
All provided stool samples, which were analyzed by the researchers. They found differences between children with functional colonopathy and others, which allowed them to create a classification of the different markers of the disease, 80% reliable according to their conclusions. "This classification of the disease is a significant advance in the diagnosis of irritable bowel syndrome," says Dr. Versalovic, one of the authors of this study.
More suitable treatments
This discovery should help to better target the treatment of children, identifying those that a change in diet could help. In the absence of intolerance or allergy, certain dietary rules can relieve patients: do not eat too much, not enough, avoid fatty foods, caffeine, reduce the consumption of lactose and fructose, etc. The classification developed by the research team should also identify young people for whom drug therapy is needed.
About 5% of the French population is suffering from Irritable Bowel Syndrome according to the Health Insurance. Women would be twice as affected as men.