Infectious risks in diabetics: the importance of vaccination

The risk of infection increases significantly in diabetic patients. On the occasion of Vaccination Week, here is a reminder of the benefits of vaccines against influenza, pneumococcal infections and shingles.

Diabetics are not only threatened by cardio-vascular complications, neuropathies or eye disorders. The risk of pulmonary and respiratory, urinary and cutaneous infections is increased in these patients, whether their diabetes is type 1 or type 2. First precaution to take for these people, ensure that their diabetes is well balanced with a adapted diet or using anti-diabetic drugs. This already reduces the risk of infection.

The parade goes through vaccination

But the parade against infections for diabetics also includes vaccination against influenza, pneumococcal vaccination and, for older patients, vaccination against shingles.

While Public Health France welcomes during the week of vaccination a significant improvement in the adhesion of the French population to vaccination observed since 2017 (the vaccination rate in France, according to the OECD, would be 80% of the population against 97% in countries such as Germany or Sweden), the subject of infectious risk and the role of vaccination as prevention was addressed last March at the Francophone Fight against Diabetes organized by the SFD , Francophone Society of Diabetes.

Reduced incidence of hospitalization for severe influenza

"The vaccination reduces the risk of infection and the incidence of hospitalization for severe influenza, for pneumococcal infections and leads to a reduction in cardiovascular risk and mortality," says Ariane Sultan, professor of nutrition at Montpellier University Hospital and member of the Francophone Diabetes Society, which reminds that targeted vaccinations against these infections must be done "in addition to respecting the traditional vaccination schedule".

Vaccinations pneumococcal, influenza and shingles do not cause more side effects in patients with diabetes than in non-diabetics. "There may be local reactions or, for the flu vaccine, a flu-like syndrome," says Professor Ariane Sultan, who says that the benefit / risk ratio is clearly in favor of vaccination.

Video: Sound Science: Herd Immunity and Immunizations (February 2020).